Navégalo provides cybersecurity data and application services and solutions for clients worldwide, protecting their critical information. Our main objective is to protect companies of all sizes, against DDoS attacks, so that their operations remain online 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
Navégalo offers a wide variety of services starting from basic to more advanced and customized solutions.
We provide the following services:
Get immediate access to more than 90 networks and operators in Costa Rica and Miami.
100% Data Center Uptime
We make sure that our power plants, UPS units, A/C infrastructure and Fire Suppression Systems never fail.
We take care of your infrastructure, so you can take care of your business.
Our support team is available to help you 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
What is Cybersecurity?
Cybersecurity is the practice of safeguarding systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks that aim to access, manipulate, or destroy sensitive information, extort money through ransomware, or disrupt business operations. The increasing number of devices and the innovation of attackers pose challenges to implementing effective cybersecurity measures.
A successful cybersecurity approach involves multiple layers of protection across computers, networks, programs, or data to ensure safety. In an organization, people, processes, and technology must work together to create a strong defense against cyber attacks. A unified threat management system can automate integrations and accelerate key security operations like detection, investigation, and remediation.
The human element is crucial in cybersecurity, and users should understand and follow data security principles such as using strong passwords, being cautious with email attachments, and backing up data. Establishing processes is essential, and organizations should have frameworks to handle attempted and successful cyber attacks. The NIST cybersecurity framework is a reputable guide that helps identify attacks, protect systems, detect and respond to threats, and recover from attacks. Technology plays a vital role in providing computer security tools. Endpoint devices, networks, and the cloud must be protected using technologies like firewalls, DNS filtering, malware protection, antivirus software, and email security solutions.
Cybersecurity is important for individuals and society as a whole. Individuals face risks such as identity theft, extortion, and data loss, while critical infrastructure, such as power plants and hospitals, must be secured to maintain societal functioning.
Several types of cybersecurity threats exist.
Phishing, the most common type, involves sending fraudulent emails resembling reputable sources to steal sensitive data.
Social engineering is a tactic where adversaries trick individuals into revealing confidential information.
Ransomware is malicious software that blocks access to files or systems until a ransom is paid. Paying the ransom does not guarantee recovery.
Malware, another threat, is software designed to gain unauthorized access or cause damage to a computer.
Overall, cybersecurity is a critical practice to protect individuals, organizations, and society from cyber threats and maintain a safe and functional digital environment.
What is a DDoS attack?
A Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attack is a cybercrime where the attacker floods a server with internet traffic to disrupt access to online services and websites. Motivations for these attacks vary, ranging from individuals and hacktivists seeking attention or expressing disapproval to financially motivated attacks aimed at disrupting competitors or extorting money from companies.
DDoS attacks are increasing in frequency and even major global companies are vulnerable. For example, in February 2020, Amazon Web Services (AWS) experienced the largest DDoS attack in history. The consequences of such attacks include a decrease in legitimate traffic, loss of business, and damage to reputation.
The expanding Internet of Things (IoT) and the growing number of remote employees working from home contribute to the rising risk of DDoS attacks. As more devices connect to networks, the security of individual IoT devices may not keep up, leaving the network vulnerable. Therefore, protecting against and mitigating DDoS attacks are crucial.
There are different types of DDoS attacks.
Volume-based attacks focus on overwhelming the victim’s bandwidth by controlling all available traffic. One example is DNS amplification, where the attacker spoofs the target’s address and sends a DNS name lookup request to an open DNS server. The server responds with a DNS record to the target, amplifying the attacker’s initial query.
Protocol attacks exploit weaknesses in Layers 3 and 4 of the OSI protocol stack to exhaust web servers or resources like firewalls. A common example is SYN flood, where the attacker sends an excessive number of TCP handshake requests with spoofed IP addresses. The targeted server attempts to respond, but the handshake never completes, overwhelming the target.
Application-layer attacks aim to overwhelm the target’s resources but are harder to detect as malicious. These attacks target Layer 7 of the OSI model, where web pages are generated in response to HTTP requests. An HTTP flood is an example of an application-layer attack, where the attacker forces the victim’s server to handle an excessive number of requests, similar to constantly refreshing a web browser on multiple computers simultaneously.
In conclusion, DDoS attacks pose a significant threat in today’s digital landscape. They can disrupt online services, harm businesses, and tarnish reputations. Understanding the different types of DDoS attacks and implementing effective protection and mitigation measures are crucial for organizations to safeguard their networks and ensure uninterrupted access to their online services.